Hepatitis is a global health problem, and there has been a constant increase in chronic hepatitis cases in India due to Bloodborne –Hepatitis B& C with an approx. 354 million people worldwide, as estimated by WHO.
The most common infectious tropical disease is Malaria and an enormous public health issue. It is a parasitic disease characterized by fever, chills, and anemia caused by the malaria parasite, which is transmitted from one human to another by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. The four malaria parasites that can infect humans: are Plasmodium […]
The RT-PCR, ELISA, and RAPID tests are various diagnostic methods used to detect pathogens or antibodies to the pathogen based on the disease life cycle. The Three Techniques have their own unique sets of advantages and disadvantages, and hence it is vital to make the right choice for effective diagnosis.
Malaria is one of the most common infectious tropical diseases and an enormous public health problem. It is a parasitic disease characterized by fever, chills, and anemia caused by malaria parasites spread from one human to another through infected Anopheles mosquitoes bite. Four malaria parasites can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and […]
Vector-borne diseases are among the most critical global public health problems. They are associated with severe human morbidity and mortality, leading to a significant economic burden in affected countries. Vector-borne diseases are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria transmitted by vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that spread pathogens.
Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium (Protozoan parasite) with high mortality rates. The disease vector is the female Anopheles mosquito. The two notable species most prevalent in India are P.vivax and P.falciparum. The infection with P.falciparum is the most deadly form of Malaria.
The epidemiology, surveillance, diagnosis, and treatment of vector-borne diseases are critical in India. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is the apex government body. It handles the annual programs and implements strategies. In addition, many global initiatives are also creating public awareness for improving lifestyle, hygiene, and living conditions.
In India, P.vivax and P.falciparum cause the bulk of Malarial infections. While P.vivax is more in the plains, P.falcipraum is prominent more in the forest and peripheral regions. As a result, the central India region and North Eastern states have high transmission of Malaria compared to other areas. Rugged geographical terrain, regional conflicts, and inadequate […]
Both Malaria and Dengue are endemic mosquito-borne diseases. They bring in high rates of mortality and morbidity. Their co-infection poses a worldwide public health problem. With the increase in ease of globalized travel, the risk has coupled over the years. Concurrent infections of Malaria and Dengue occur with their own set of complications. Due to […]