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What Does The Test D-Dimer Result Mean/ Indicate

D-Dimer is a protein that is produced after blood clotting and subsequent breakdown of blood clots. Whenever there is damage to any body part or bleeding, intrinsic or extrinsic coagulation pathways are activated, resulting in the formation of a blood clot at the site.
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What Is D-Dimer

D-Dimer is a protein that is produced after blood clotting and subsequent breakdown of blood clots. Whenever there is damage to any body part or bleeding, intrinsic or extrinsic coagulation pathways are activated, resulting in the formation of a blood clot at the site.
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Article On Vector-Borne Disease

Vector-borne diseases are among the most critical global public health problems. They are associated with severe human morbidity and mortality, leading to a significant economic burden in affected countries. Vector-borne diseases are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria transmitted by vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that spread pathogens. Continue reading

Significance Of Covid Antigen Test

The epidemic of Covid-19 is attributed to the spreading virus spurred on by asymptomatic characteristics of the disease and late appearances of symptoms due to a long incubation period. Asymptomatic cases may be diagnosed on the onset of the disease and earlier symptoms appearing during the course of the disease also gives a credible opportunity to make an earlier than usual diagnosis.
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Post COVID Surveillance of Vector-Borne Diseases and Diagnostic Management

The epidemiology, surveillance, diagnosis, and treatment of vector-borne diseases are critical in India. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is the apex government body. It handles the annual programs and implements strategies. In addition, many global initiatives are also creating public awareness for improving lifestyle, hygiene, and living conditions.
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Closing the gap in Surveillance and Treatment in Malaria: The Diagnostic Approach

In India, P.vivax and P.falciparum cause the bulk of Malarial infections. While P.vivax is more in the plains, P.falcipraum is prominent more in the forest and peripheral regions. As a result, the central India region and North Eastern states have high transmission of Malaria compared to other areas. Rugged geographical terrain, regional conflicts, and inadequate health infrastructure are responsible for the increased incidence. In addition, lack of awareness is posing a challenge among tribes for reducing the transmission of disease. Continue reading

Cross Infection of Malaria and Dengue: Choosing the correct Diagnosis

Both Malaria and Dengue are endemic mosquito-borne diseases. They bring in high rates of mortality and morbidity. Their co-infection poses a worldwide public health problem. With the increase in ease of globalized travel, the risk has coupled over the years. Concurrent infections of Malaria and Dengue occur with their own set of complications. Due to relative clinical similarities of the diseases, the co-infections can get misdiagnosed. At times, the error is reporting them as mono infections. As on date, many cases of Malaria-Dengue co-infections reported from various regions in the world. Both Dengue and Malaria are difficult to differentiate, especially in co-infection. The treatment of these co-infections is very different. A delay in instituting appropriate management can be fatal. Continue reading

Addressing Vitamin Deficiencies and significance in COVID-19 Pandemic

Lifestyle habitats and dietary routines play an essential role in the proper development and health of an individual. Unfortunately, a significant population of the country is still malnourished, with crucial components missing from the platter. Furthermore, India ranks second in the Global Diabetes index. In this kind of deadly manifestation, its’ imperative to address the deficiency of Vitamins.
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Discreet Monsoon and clinical implications of Vector-Borne Diseases

Tropical regions and vector-borne diseases are synonymous with each other. India is no alien to it. Mosquitoes have brought in diseases for centuries. They have ravaged the population with the ferocity of these diseases. Whether it’s parasite or virus, the Mosquito vector has cropped in every Monsoon. This has created an increase in the pathogenicity of the diseases over the years. 20% of the global Malaria led mortality occurs in India.
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Need for Antibody testing in post-vaccination scenario

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought humankind to a stop. COVID-19 has opened new spectrums of infection and virus-host interactions. The second wave hit the country when the vaccination program was already in motion. The population consists of individuals with single, double, or no jab at all. The government has started the registration for vaccination of people over 18 years. All across the globe, people are working at a fast pace to develop the best vaccine to counter the resurgence of COVID infections. Countries are grappling with the idea of getting their population vaccinated. The goal is to provide long-term immunity against COVID-19 and its various mutants.
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Diagnostic approaches and challenges in COVID-19

At the beginning of the pandemic, COVID-19 felt like SARS and MERS. In the pre-existing models, the diagnostic approach was included. However, with the severity of the infection and evolution of novel Coronavirus, it was evident that this infection would need a newer and tactical diagnosis. The impact of the disease, paucity of resources, and need for specific tests mounted the crisis to higher levels. As a result, screening by rapid antigen test and confirmation by RT-PCR became the norm.
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