D-Dimer is a protein that is produced after blood clotting and subsequent breakdown of blood clots. Whenever there is damage to any body part or bleeding, intrinsic or extrinsic coagulation pathways are activated, resulting in the formation of a blood clot at the site.
Vector-borne diseases are among the most critical global public health problems. They are associated with severe human morbidity and mortality, leading to a significant economic burden in affected countries. Vector-borne diseases are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria transmitted by vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that spread pathogens.
The epidemic of Covid-19 is attributed to the spreading virus spurred on by asymptomatic characteristics of the disease and late appearances of symptoms due to a long incubation period. Asymptomatic cases may be diagnosed on the onset of the disease and earlier symptoms appearing during the course of the disease also gives a credible opportunity […]
Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium (Protozoan parasite) with high mortality rates. The disease vector is the female Anopheles mosquito. The two notable species most prevalent in India are P.vivax and P.falciparum. The infection with P.falciparum is the most deadly form of Malaria.
In India, P.vivax and P.falciparum cause the bulk of Malarial infections. While P.vivax is more in the plains, P.falcipraum is prominent more in the forest and peripheral regions. As a result, the central India region and North Eastern states have high transmission of Malaria compared to other areas. Rugged geographical terrain, regional conflicts, and inadequate […]
Lifestyle habitats and dietary routines play an essential role in the proper development and health of an individual. Unfortunately, a significant population of the country is still malnourished, with crucial components missing from the platter. Furthermore, India ranks second in the Global Diabetes index. In this kind of deadly manifestation, its’ imperative to address the […]
The Indian subcontinent is synonymous with tropical diseases, and the prevalence of Vector-Borne diseases, although seasonal, is most catastrophic. Mosquitoes have been on this planet for thousands of years, and to date, they are responsible for wreaking havoc among large spats of the Indian Population. The major viral diseases Dengue and Chikungunya are the ones […]
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease more prevalent in countries associated with poor sanitation and hygiene. It is a highly communicable disease of the tropical world passing on from the animals (primarily rodents and bovines), which are the reservoirs of the pathogen, to humans. The disease is caused by bacteria, specifically a Spirochaete, which was later […]
Humanity has never been brought to a standstill as the COVID-19 pandemic has done. What started as a pandemic from a small market in Wuhan in China spread in no time to the entire world, barely leaving any pocket non-infected. Since the pandemic started, the race was to understand the pathogenicity of the proteins and […]
Inflammation can occur with any infection or wound in the body, and healing is important to understand the recovery stage. Hence, C-reactive protein (CRP) comes in handy as the efficient blood marker test. The CRP is released from the liver, and its concentration in the blood measures its level. Since the CRP level rises with […]